Botanical Name: Abies concolor
Common Name: White Fir  
Plant photo of: Abies concolor
Previous Photo     Next Photo
California Native Plant
  • Anatomy

  • Culture

  • Design

Plant Type

Tree, Conifer


Height Range

40-60', 60-100'


Flower Color



Flower Season



Leaf Color

Blue Green


Bark Color

Grey, White


Fruit Color



Fruit Season



Full, Half





Growth Rate



Soil Type

Sandy, Clay, Loam, Rocky, Unparticular


Soil Condition

Average, Well-drained


Soil pH

Acid, Neutral


Adverse Factors


Design Styles

Formal, Ranch, Wetlands, Woodland


Accenting Features

Specimen, Unusual Foliage


Seasonal Interest

Winter, Spring, Summer, Fall


Location Uses

Background, Park, With Rocks


Special Uses

Screen, Wind Break


Attracts Wildlife


Information by: Jerry Sortomme Editor
Photographer: JJ Neilson Arboretum
  • Description

  • Notes

White fir has upright cones on blue-gray-green foliage with white stripes. It is the most tolerant of all the firs with respect to heat and pollution. It is also the only fir suited for city use. It reaches 50'-75' tall and 30' wide at a moderate rate. Bark is smooth, white gray in color. White Fir needs well draining soil and medium amount of water. Foliage is beautiful all year round. Deer love it too!
Planting: 1. Dig a hole 1" less the depth and 2 times the width of the container. 2. Fill hole with water, let soak. 3. Set root ball in hole. 4. Fill hole halfway with native soil and water. 5. Finish back filling hole, build basin and water.